He's most famous for his magnificent chapel at Valpairaso University, south of Chicago. But Park Ridge architect Charles Stade designed dozens (reportedly hundreds) of churches, across Chicagoland and across America, from the early 1950s until his retirement in 1981. He worked with many denominations, but his own Lutheran faith gave him the largest number of commissions.
It's not hard to spot a Stade church: just look for the big A-frame building with a random checkerboard of colored glass squares, with gill-like stacks of sloping wood mullions. It's a style that was heavily influenced by the angular styles of Frank Lloyd Wright, particularly his Unitarian Meetinghouse in Madison, WI.
Winnetka Presbyterian Church - Willow Road, Winnetka, IL
Immanuel Lutheran Church - Des Plaines, IL
St. Timothy Lutheran Church - w. of Logan Square, Chicago
Hillside Free Methodist Church - Evanston, IL
Trinity Lutheran Church - Lombard (York Center), IL
Ashlar-cut gray stone end walls are also pretty diagnostic of Stade's stock style.
St. Peter Evangelical Lutheran Church - SW Chicago
Elston United Methodist Church - NW Chicago
Stade was a consumate Modernst. He designed simple, elegant, geometric buildings, largely bereft of ornament, that relied on the magic of light and space to bring them to life. Also in keeping with the Modernist ethos, he was not at all ashamed to recycle ideas for building designs, to the extent that many of his smaller churches are totally interchangeable.
Trinity Lutheran - Lombard
Elston United Methodist
Faith Lutheran Church - NW Chicago
Immanuel Lutheran, Des Plaines
And yet, none of them are clones. Each is uniquely designed. Each contains an original floor plan, each has unique glass patterns, each has custom-designed liturgical furnishings.
Stade loved his angles. Some of the most hypnotic moments in his designs are where angles repeat and pile on one another.
And he loved his grids. Nearly every Stade church has a wall that's a grid of randomly sized openings in different colors.
Bethel United Church of Christ - Elmhurst, IL
Stade even designed doors in this style, sometimes setting the handles in a deeply recessed grid of thin wood elements. There's definitely something memorable about reaching your hand into that grid to grasp and pull the handle.
A fourth Stade element is simple concrete sculpture plaques, displaying symbols of the church along with short quotations.
And a final Stade signature is the cornerstone - usually rendered in limestone, with a simple, raised sans-serif font announcing the year of construction and nothing else.
One can see him settling into his trademark style with the 1953 St. Andrew's Lutheran Church, an early work up on Northwest Highway which already contains several of the signature elements. St. Andrews has red brick, a solid end wall, and boxed-out stained glass windows with faceted glass, all of which mark it as unique from the stock style that Stade would be mass-producing in by 1958.
Saint Andrew's Lutheran Church, Park Ridge, IL
Stade was one of the second-generation Modernists, bringing contemporary design to the masses, making good, serviceable buildings that were affordable, handsome, clean and elegant - ideal for the suburban frontier. His work was not necessarily scrutinized by the glossy high-end magazines, but it was certainly worthy of it.